Important dates of Indian history- 2500 B.C to 2023

Here are some of the important dates in Indian history. Very important for different government sector competitive examinations.

Important dates of Indian history B.C. (Before Christ)

2500-1800Indus valley civilization
599Birth of Mahavir, Nirvana in 523. B.C.
563Birth of Gautam Buddha; Nirvana in 483 B.C.
327-26Alexander’s invasion of India and the opening
of the land routes between India and Europe.
268-232Ashoka’s reign
261Battle of Kalinga
57Beginning of Vikrama era.
30Satvahana dynasty in Deccan. Pandya empire in for south
Important dates of Indian history

Important dates of Indian history A.D. (Anno Domini)

78Beginning of the Saka era.
320Beginning of the Gupta era.
360Samudragupta conquest the whole of
N. India and much of the Deccan.
380-413Rule of Chandragupta Vikramaditya, age
of Kalidasa, renewal of Hinduism.
606-647Rule of Harshavardhana.
629-645Hieun Tsang’s visit to India.
622Beginning of the Hijra era.
712Arab invasion of Sind by Mohd. bin Qasim.
1001-27Repeated attacks of Mehmud Ghazni.
1025Sacking of Somnath temple by Mehmud.
1191The first battle of Tarain in which
Prithviraj Chauhan defeated Mohd. Ghori.
1192The second battle of Tarain in which Mohd. Ghori
defeated Prithviraj Chauhan.
1206Qutubuddin Aibak founded the llbari/Slave dynasty.
1290Jalaluddin Firuz Khilji established the Khilji dynasty.
1290Marco Polo visited India.
1320Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq founded the Tughlaq dynasty.
1333Ibn Batuta arrved in India.
1336Harihara and Bukka founded the Vijaynagar empire.
1347Bahmani kingdom was founded.
1398Timur invades India.
1451The Lodi dynasty comes into power in Delhi Sultanate.
1469Birth of Guru Nanak Dev.
1498Vasco da Gama lands at Calicut.
1510Portuguese capture Goa-Albuquerque Governor.
1526First Battle of Panipat in which Babar defeated
Ibrahim Lodhi established the Mughal dynasty.
1556The second battle of Panipat was in which Akbar defeated Hemu.
1565Battle of Talikota in which Vijaynagar empire is defeated.
1571Foundation of Fatehpur Sikri by Akbar
1576Battle of Haldighati in which Akbar defeated Maharana Pratap.
1582Akbar started Din-i-llahi.
1600English East India Company was established.
1604Compilation of Adi Granth.
1605Death of Akbar.
1611The English built a factory at Masulipatnam.
1627Birth of Shivaji.
1631Death of Shah Jahan’s wife Mumtaz Mahal. The building of the Taj Mahal.
1658Aurangzeb became Emperor of Delhi.
1666Birth of Guru Gobind Singh.
1699Guru Gobind Singh creates ‘Khalsa’.
1707Death of Aurangzeb, the fall of the Mughal empire begins.
1739Nadir Shah invaded India: the peacock throne and
the Kohinoor Diamond took away from India.
1757Battle of Plassey in which the English defeated
Siraj-ud- daula, Nawab of Bengal.
1760Battle of Wandiwash, the end of French power in India
1761Third Battle of Panipat in which Ahmed Shah Abdali defeated the Marathas.
1764Battle of Buxar in which the English defeated the triple alliance of Nawab
Mir Qasim of Bengal, Nawab Shuja-ud-daula of Awadh and Mughal emperor Shah Alam.
1793Permanent settlement in Bengal.
1799Fourth Anglo-Mysore War, death of Tipu Sultan,
Ranjit Singh occupied Lahore and made it his capital.
1817-19Marathas is finally crushed.
1828Lord William Bentick becomes Governo Era of social reforms; Prohibition of
Sati (1829), Suppression of thugs (1830).
1835Introduction of English as a medium of instruction.
1853First Indian railway from Bombay to Thane.
1857-58The first war of Indian Independence.
1858British crown takes over the Indian Government End of East India Company’s rule.
1861Birth of Rabindra Nath Tagore.
1869Birth of M.K. Gandhi.
1885Formation of Indian National Congress.
1905Partition of Bengal by Lord Curzon.
1906Formation of All India Muslim League.
1909Minto-Morley Reforms.
1911Delhi durbar held, the partition of Bengal was canceled,
the capital shifted from Calcutta to Delhi.
1914World War I started.
1918End of World War I.
1919Rowlatt Act, Jallianwala Bagh massacre, Montague- Chelmsford reforms.
1920Non-cooperation Movement launched.
1921Moplah rebellion in Malabar, visit of Prince of Wales.
1922Chauri-Chaura incidence.
1923Swaraj party formed.
1927Simon Commission appointed.
1928Visit of Simon Commission to India, death of Lala Lajpat Rai.
1929Congress demanded Poorna Swaraj’ in the Lahore session.
1930January 26 celebrated as Independence Day throughout India, Dandi Salt Satyagraha,
First Round Table conference.
1931Gandhi-Invin Pact, Second Round Table Conference.
1932Suppression of Congress Movement, Third Round Table Conference, Communal
The award, Poona Pact.
1935Government of India Act.
1937Inauguration of Provincial Autonomy. Congress ministries formed in 8 out of 11
1939Resignation of Congress ministries, beginning of World War ll.
1942Cripps Mission Plan, Quit India Movement, Formation of Indian National Army by S.C. Bose.
1945Simla conference held and the failure of Wavell Plan, INA trials at Red Fort, Delhi.
1946Cabinet Mission Plan, Formation of interim Government, Direct Action Resolution by
Muslim League.
1947Mountbatten Plan of June 3 in which partition of India resolution is proposed, India
divided, Pakistan was created, both achieved independence, Jawahar Lal Nehru becomes
the first Prime Minister of India.
Important dates in Indian history

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Important dates of Indian history POST-INDEPENDENCE

1948The assassination of Mahatma Gandhi (Jan. 30)
1950India became a republic (Jan. 26).
1951First Five-Year Plan implemented.
1952First General Elections held.
1953Tenzing Norgay and Sir Edmund Hilary conquer Mt. Everest (May 29).
1954Panchsheel agreement between India and China.
1956Life insurance nationalized, state Heorgansing Act comes into force.
1957Second General Elections.
1958A metric system of weights and measures was introduced.
1959Dalai Lama exiled enters India.
1961Liberation of Goa.
1962Chinese attack on India. (Oct 20)
1964Jawaharlal Nehru dies: Lal Bahadur Shastri becomes PM.
1965Indo-Pak war.
1966Tashkent Agreement reached, Death of Lal Bahadur Shastri, Indira Gandhi became
1967Dr. Zakir Hussain was elected President.
1968Hargovind Khurana shares the Nobel Prize for Medicine and Physiology.
1969Death of President Zakir Hussain (May 3). V. V. Giri elected President, Nationalization
of 14 leading banks, Split in Indian National Congress.
1970Former Indian rulers’ privy purses were abolished. Dr. C. V. Raman died (on Nov. 2)
1971Indo-Pak War over Bangladesh.
1972Shimla Agreement signed.
1973Manekshaw was named India’s first Field Marshal.
1974Nuclear explosion at Pokhran (May 18).
1975Indian satellite ‘Aryabhatta’ launched, National emergency declared.
1976The four Indian News agencies merged into a single News Agency known as
Samachar, the life of Lok Sabha was extended by a year.
1977With the defeat of Mrs. Indira Gandhi in the election, Morari Desai takes over as PM,
emergency withdrawn.
1978India launches world’s biggest adult literacy plan (Oct. 2).
1979Charan Singh became PM, Mother Teresa won the Nobel Peace Prize.
1980Indira Gandhi returns to power at the center, India launches first satellite using its own
satellite launching vehicle (July. 18)
1981India launched APPLE, and Khalistan activists hijack Indian Airlines Boeing 737 to Lahore.
1982Zail Singh was sworn in as President, of the 21-member Indian scientific expedition headed by
Dr. S. Z. Qasim lands in Antarctica (Jan. 9), INSAT 1A launched, Ninth Asian Games
held in New Delhi.
1983The 7th Non-Aligned Summit in New Delhi, Kalpakkam Atomic Energy plant goes
critical (July 2), INSAT-1B launched (Aug 30), Richard Attenborough’s “Gandhi” wins
8 Oscars.
1984Rakesh Sharma becomes India’s first spaceman (Apr. 5), Bachendri Pal becomes the
first Indian woman to scale Mt. Everest (May 23), Operation Blue Star, Assassination of
Indira Gandhi (Oct 31), Rajiv Gandhi becomes PM, Bhopal Gas tragedy (Dec. 3).
1985Anti-defection Bill passed (Jan. 3), and Azharuddin hits 3 centuries in 3 tests.
1986The first wholly Indian test-tube baby was born at KEM Hospital, Bombay (Aug. 7).
1987Sunil Gavaskar becomes the first batsman to score 10,000 runs in tests (Mar. 7), Goa
becomes the 25th state of India (May 30)
1988India s first remote sensing satellite IRS 1-A launched from Russia (Mar. 17), INSAT
1-C launched from French Guyana (July 22).
1989Successful test of Agni (May 22), laying of the foundation stone for the Ram
Janmabhoomi temple of Ayodhya (Nov 10). V.P. Singh becomes the PM.
1990Successfully launching of INSAT 1-D (June 12), Mandal Commission recommendation
implemented (Aug. 7), V.P. Singh tenders resignation (Nov. 7), S. Chandrasheknar
becomes PM. (Nov. 10).
1991Hajiy Gandhi was killed in a bomb blast (on May 21), and P. V. Narsimha Rao became PM. (June
21), Earthquake in Uttarkashi region (Oct. 20), Satyajit Ray got a special oscar award.
(Dec. 16).
1992Prithvi test fired (May 5), INSAT-2 A launched (July 10), Dr, Shanker Dayal Shama
DecamePresident (July 25 the domes of Babri Masjid was demolished (Dec 6).
1997I. K. Gujral became PM. (Apr. 21), K.R Narayan sworn in as President (July 25)
Mother Teresa passes away (Sept. 5), a Hoy wins Booker Prize (Oct. 14), 1. K
Gujral resigns as PM. (Nov. 28)
1998Konkan railway was commissioned (Jan. 26), and Vajpayee became PM, (Mar. 19). India
conducted total5 nuclear tests (May ay 13), Severe cyclone in Gujarat
June 9), Amartya Sen won the Noble Pniz EConomics (Oct. 14).
1999P.M. Vajpayee arrived in Pakistan by De Ore bus (Feb. 20), India successfully
launched its first commercial telecom satellite INSAT-2 from Kourou (Apr. 3), Intense
fighting in Kargil (June-July), a Devastating cyclone in Orissa and A. P. (Oct.).
2000U. S. President Bill Clinton visited India (Mar. NSAT-3 launched from Kourou (Mar.
22), Successful test firing of ‘Dhanush, tne, and version of Prithvi’ missile (Apr. 11),
Karnam Malleshwari wins bronze at ynpios, Chattisgarh formed (Nov. 1),
Uttaranchal was formed (Nov. 9), and Jharkhand was formed (Nov. 15).
2001The pilotless target aircraft ‘Lakshya’ was inducted into the Indian Air Force (Jan. 5), a Severe
earthquake in Gujarat (Ja. 26), the newly-constructed Ennore port dedicated to the
nation (Feb. 1), an Attack on WTC, New York shakes the world (Sept. 11), Lok Sabha
passes the bill on “Right to Education till 14” (Nov. 30), Terrorist attack on Indian
Parliament (Dec. 13).
20021SRO Successfully tries the indigenous cryogenic engine (Feb. 5), POTO passed in
the joint session of the Parliament (Mar. 26), L
Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam elected the President of India (July 18), Bhairon Singh
Shekhawat was sworn in as Vice-President of India (Aug. 19), Draft of the Tenth Five-Year
The plan was approved by the Planning Commission (Oct. 5).
2003Kalpana Chawla killed in space shuttle Columbia burnup (Feb. 1); Large reserves of oil
& gas discovered in Barmer district of Rajasthan (Feb. 4); the US launched an attack on Iraq
(Mar. 20), INSAT-3A launched from Kourou (Apr. 10); GSLVD-2 launched from
Sriharikota (May 8); First instance of power failure in modern USA (Aug. 15-16);
INSAT-3E launched from Kourou (Sept. 20), 97th, 98th, 99th & 100th Constitutional
Amendment Bills passed (Dec. 18-23)
2004India signs agreement with Russia for obtaining Admiral Gorshkov (Jan. 20); NDA
Conducts election before time, but loses unexpectedly, UPA government comes in
power, Dr. Manmohan Slngh was sworn in as the new PM (May 22); Olympics return to
their homeland Athens, Rajyavardhan Rathode wins silver for India (Aug. 13-29);
Hamid Karzai wins the Presidential vote in Afghanistan (Oct. 14); Sandalwood King
Veerappan is dead (Oct. 18); George W. Bush re-elected (Nov. 3); Yasser Arafat is
dead (Nov. 11); TSunami causes havoc in South and South East Asia killing more than
a lakh (Dec. 26).
2005India and Pakistan presents each other with the list of atomic institutions in their respective
countries (Jan. 1); Broadband Service of BSNL and MTNL initiated (Jan. 13); Indian
Army’s South-West command constituted (HQ-Jaipur) (Apr. 15); Right to Information
implemented (Oct. 12)
2006Administrative Reforms Commission presents its first report (June 9); Agni-3 missile
test fails (July 9); INSAT-4C launch fail (July 10); Pondicherry name changed to
Puducherry (Oct. 1).
2007V. Anand reaches the top FIDE ranking (Apr. 1); Legislative Council in Andhra Pradesh
revoked (Apr. 1); INSAT-4B dedicated to the nation (June 9); Mrs. Pratibha Patil
sworn in as country’s first woman President (July 25); Hamid Ansari is the new Vice
President of India (Aug. 10); India wins the inaugural Twenty 20 World Cup (Sept. 24);
the National approves the 11th five-year plan (2007-2012) document
Development Council (Dec. 19)
2008India successfully launches an Israeli satellite ‘Polaris’ from the Satish Dhawan Space
Centre, Sriharikota by a homegrown Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) C10. (Jan.
21); India’s Under-19 cricket team beat South Africa by 12 runs to become world
champions in Kuala Lumpur. (Mar. 2); Ending 34 years of nuclear isolation and formally
bringing the country into the nuclear mainstream, India signs its 1st agreement on civilian
nuclear cooperation with France. (Oct. 1); the government decides to declare Ganga as a
national river and also set up a high-powered Ganga River Basin Authority to protect the
ancient river from pollution and other degradation. (Nov. 4)
2009India signs a key safeguards agreement with IAEA to allow inspection of additional
civilian reactors, clearing the decks for the supply of atomic fuel and technology by the
international community after a 34-year-old nUKe trade embargo was lifted last year
(Feb 2); Dr. Manmohan Singh is inaugurated tor hiS second term as Prime Minister of India
(May 22); Congress candidate Meira Kumar elected Speaker of the 15th Lok Sabha
unanimously (June 3); India takes a giant leap toward energy security when PM
Manmohan Singh turns the wheel of the Fortune valve to allow the first gush of black
gold from Cairn’s Mangla field, the country’s biggest oil discovery in over two decades
(Aug 29).
Important dates in Indian history
  1. Why 1764 is important in Indian history?

    Battle of Buxar in which the English defeated the triple alliance of Nawab
    Mir Qasim of Bengal, Nawab Shuja-ud-daula of Awadh and Mughal emperor Shah Alam.

  2. Why 1982 is important in Indian history?

    Zail Singh was sworn in as President, of the 21-member Indian scientific expedition headed by
    Dr. S. Z. Qasim lands in Antarctica (Jan. 9), INSAT 1A launched, Ninth Asian Games
    held in New Delhi.

  3. Why 1984 is important in Indian history?

    Rakesh Sharma becomes India’s first spaceman (Apr. 5), Bachendri Pal becomes the
    first Indian woman to scale Mt. Everest (May 23), Operation Blue Star, Assassination of
    Indira Gandhi (Oct 31), Rajiv Gandhi becomes PM, Bhopal Gas tragedy (Dec. 3).

  4. Why 1988 is important in Indian history?

    India s first remote sensing satellite IRS 1-A launched from Russia (Mar. 17), INSAT
    1-C launched from French Guyana (July 22).